Dissertation approved at the Federal University of Mato Grosso, on August 21, with the theme THE ADVANCEMENT OF AGRIBUSINESS AND THE SUSTAINABLE GROWTH INDEX OF MUNICIPALITIES, includes deforestation and fires as criteria for quality of life.
Agribusiness has been the main economic force in Mato Grosso for more than 20 years. This significantly increased the economic importance of the State for Brazil, especially in the country’s trade balance. But has this primary export model weakened family farming? And, with it, did the quality of life of the citizen of Mato Grosso improve?
Maurício Munhoz’s master’s dissertation at UFMT seeks to answer these questions, and others, using an indicator created by him, which broadens the horizon of the HDI, called the Sustainable Growth Index of the municipalities, the ICSM. While the HDI is ten-year, the ICSM is annual and also uses health and education indicators, but when assessing income, it goes beyond GDP data and diagnoses, more efficiently, the root of poverty in municipalities. Other than that, the ICSM has a great differential, which is the use of environmental indicators, such as deforestation and fires.
Thus, the work reflects on important dimensions for our quality of life, for example, on how bad the fires are for the well-being of the citizen. It is as if the fires were inserted as an economic variable in a calculation of “it is worth living here”.
The work also analyzes the complexity of the economy of Mato Grosso, the influences of the trading companies in the production mode of agriculture and, mainly, the influence in the national and state tax model in the advance of agribusiness.
Among the dissertation’s statements is the increase in the areas of temporary crops, such as soybeans, and the decrease in permanent crops, typical of family farming. Another fact: the land concentration in the production of Soy in Mato Grosso. Unlike states like Paraná and Rio Grande do Sul, and countries like the United States, formed by small farms, Mato Grosso produces in large estates what also has the consequences of concentrating income and transforming the land as a valuable asset , among others.
Social and regional inequality, with environmental equality. Thus, a reader could define Mato Grosso, from the perspective of Maurício Munhoz’s dissertation.
This is the summary of the work:
The objective of the study is to analyze the impacts of agribusiness on the life of the population of Mato Grosso based on the Sustainable Growth Index of Municipalities (ICSM), having as variables: GDP per capita, Percentage of families receiving the Bolsa Família, Average salary , Public service participation in GDP, Basic education index, Infant mortality, Heat sources, Forest area per km². The 2017 Census of Agriculture confirms the expansion of temporary crops, the basis of agribusiness, and the process of accumulating land in the State, which is linked to the tax facility given to large-scale agriculture, such as the total exemption from taxes on sales the primary products for export, according to the Kandir Law, and the low internal tax burden applied on grain production and the livestock sector, by the government of Mato Grosso. By adopting the municipals’ sustainable growth index, ICSM, as a tool to analyze the impact of advancing agribusiness on people’s quality of life, the study concludes that, although agribusiness has been the dominant economic model in the state for over twenty years, the income, social and environmental indicators of their municipalities are bad, even if those large grain producing municipalities have good income levels. In theoretical terms, the research will follow the base of authors who discuss the process of capitalist accumulation. In methodological terms, it is a qualitative research, with techniques of quantitative approach, with the time frame the period from 2000 to 2020.